NextSense for Smarter Tomorrow...

Next Sense in March towards transforming the current world to Smarter World!

Next Sense
Research & Development
Mohamad Misfer | Smart monitoring, Smarter World | 02/12/2017

About the Author

I’m Mohamad Misfer, is a fellow at Engineering & Environmental Solutions who holds up the Project lead position of Production-R&D in the company. Inherited the writing and management tasking skills from the past experience at Amazon.in, India. Who now tries to unlock the knots of Research to become an OEM of Sensor based instruments. First milestone achieved by my team like 8 months back from now by developing a new technology of measuring Ground Water Level Recorder with Data logging & Telemetry options on saving & transferring real-time data. And keeping to strive hard on doing further breakthroughs like wireless communication protocol, IoT based Smart city projects etc.


Introduction

In recent years, the growth of the Internet along with the widespread use of smart devices has resulted in an increased demand to connect devices to the Internet by the Internet of Things (IoT). Using the concept of IoT, indoor smart devices including home appliances could be connected to better manage their use. Hence, IoT could be used to manage the use of indoor devices and also outdoor devices using different communication protocols in an efficient way, if we had an algorithm to localize the devices and to control their use of energy using smartphones. A number of studies have already been conducted in the past targeting either localization or monitoring of devices, but to the best of our knowledge, there isn’t a single solution that treats both of these problems at one place. Thus, the objective of this work was to devise efficient algorithms that enables the localization of Monitoring instruments over classical instruments. And we already put a niche on the wall by launching Weather Monitoring Station, Ground Water Level Recorder, Hand held Ambient & Indoor Air Quality Monitoring, etc., devices with and without Data logging. Moreover, we intended to use the concept of IoT to monitor and control the energy use of indoor & outdoor devices. Measurements would be taken from the devices related to their parameters, thus helping to identify which devices were reading absurd value than desired due to some problems. The outdoor & indoor devices including the real-time monitoring would be controlled and their usage would be better managed via a smartphone. This included, for example, switching on an air quality monitor or a weather monitoring station via the Internet, or the ability to detect that an Ambient Air Quality Monitoring System(AAQMS) might be consuming more energy than desired due to some malfunctions. The smartphone or web application would also have information about which devices are currently running (and which are off), and how much memory or total energy is consumed at a particular instant, or in a period of time.

Networks of sensors measure and record everything from temperature, light and motion to biohazards and physical indicators from the body. Sensor-enabled devices communicate with each other through the “internet of things,” ingestible sensors monitor the body from the inside, and intelligent swarms of sensors co-ordinate with each other to collect data. Declining costs and advancements in sensor technology make it accessible, widely used and an integral part of the 2020’s digital ecosystem.

In 2020, 300 billion sensors are making lifestyle enhancements in our daily lives.*

The intelligent sensor market is a $10.5 billion industry in 2020.**

The market for printed and flexible sensors reaches $7.3 billion in 2020.***


Sensor Technology in 2020

· The ‘unobservable’ sensing breaks new ground in sensing biohazards, smells, material stresses, pathogens, level of corrosion and chemicals in material.
· Micro-sensor implants in patients track the healing process for internal injuries, enable health care professionals to take remedial action based on continual data from the system.
· Biodegradable sensors monitor soil moisture and nutrient content for optimum crop production.
· Self-powered sensors that are powered using the heat difference between the patient’s body and surrounding air find applications in medical care.
· Self-healing sensors repair themselves in the event of disaster or other structural disruptions.
· Live cell-based sensing, an amalgamation of sensor technology and living cells, allow scientist to understand the biological effect of medicines, environment and biohazards.
· Sensor swarms coordinate their activities, deciding what to measure and where through a self-learning system directing their movements and data collection.
· Smart dust, microscopic sensors powered by vibrations, monitor situations ranging from battlefield activities, structural strength of buildings and clogged arteries.


Industry Overview

The aim of research and development (R&D) is to improve the current technologies offered by an organization or to develop innovations that strengthen the organization’s position in the marketplace. Environmental sector includes many companies that are dedicated research and development businesses that focus on particular fields or areas of work. For example, my organization works in the communication, information systems and electronic sensors market. You will also find R&D divisions within many forward-looking, innovative engineering and technology organizations.
− History has shown that advancements in materials science and engineering have been important drivers in the development of sensor technology.
− Like, in material technology will permit better control of material property.
− Possibilities for new sensor with advanced features such as,
a. Fidelity,
b. Lower cost, &
c. Increased reliability


Trends and Developments in engineering R&D

The pace of technology development is relentless. The World is relentlessly being represented by 0’s & 1’s. Kept an eye on the websites of major R&D players of the Europe market (such as Libelium and Palas GMBH) and read industry publications related to our discipline to keep up to date with the latest developments in fields that unlocks the future technology.
Key drivers for change and development are typically based on commercial gain. However, we also have a track on climate change and directives, such as the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive which are emphasizing the need for researchers to consider sustainability issues within their approach to innovation. Along with, in our organization’s field of research, we are particularly interested in how nanotechnology (MEMS based) is changing basic material technology and we are also exploring to bridging the boundaries between IoT and electronic systems.


What we do…

Milestones we’ve reached in a short span of 6 months is the telemetry technique to monitor the devices remotely. As IoT emerging at very fast pace. According to a certain report, by 2020 we will be having around 300 billion of sensors throughout the world which will be used in many aspects of our daily life. To work with this huge network of sensors, reliable technology to handle this includes Big Data, more reliable Wireless networks, etc. Furthermore, block chain could be used as the future technology to contribute on this, which can provide a better, stronger and reliable network.
So the below are the Instruments we are working with..,
1. Ground Water Level Recorder
2. Weather Monitoring Station


Importance of Monitoring Ground water


Groundwater flow & Effects of Pump/Bore wells

The future of groundwater scenario in our country in general appears to be very bleak. There is no doubt that at the present level of groundwater extraction, the water table in most part of our country would continue to fall. The blanket moratorium under the Environmental Protection Act (1997) on construction of new tube wells is logical and helpful but this at best would merely stabilize the present level of extraction. However, it should be noted that there should be no such undue restrictions in areas which are rich in groundwater occurrence and are categorized as “Safe” zones.

Fall in Level of Groundwater in past 10 years

Monitoring is an essential element of any effort to integrate groundwater science with water-management decisions. Monitoring provides important that serve as a key input into the decision-making process. Ground water monitoring can:
i. Track changes in groundwater levels to help decision-making better understand the long-term sustainability of a aquifer as a source of water supply and make appropriate policy choices.
ii. Provide groundwater contamination information, such as identification of groundwater contaminants and measurements of contaminants levels, and help in identification of sources of groundwater contamination. Such information can help decision-makers better understand the aquifer’s water quality, potential effects on public health and the ecosystem, and which sources most need to be addressed.
iii. Identify existing or potential changes in flow due to groundwater with drawl. This information can help decision-makers to make appropriate policy decisions to prevent damage such as salt water intrusion or movement of contaminants towards a pumping station or well.
iv. Assess the effects of climate on groundwater levels, enabling decision-makers to issue timely drought warnings or declarations and take appropriate mitigation measures.
So, this paper illustrates the value of long-term monitoring as described above and how to monitor the data to water resource issues. Below, is the Instrument we provide on regional monitoring of groundwater levels and groundwater quality.


The Instrument-Inner & Outer Panels

Schematic Sketch of the piezometer and the components involved

1. Groundwater Level Recorder

The purpose of this overview is to provide basic operating knowledge of the components of the automated recorder (see Figure 2) used for periodic water level measurement. Much more than just a supplement to the broader water level program, these automated recorders provide a means to India that cannot be discerned from annual level readings. The design of document day-to-day changes and seasonal patterns in the aquifers of these units also allows for remote satellite transmission of collected data, so that aside from installation and occasional maintenance, no additional work is required to obtain these measurements. This manual will primarily discuss the 3 major technical components of the automated recorder— the sensors, loggers & transmitters— for automated water level monitoring.


Applications

· Industrial water level monitoring
· Agriculture bores & water quality
· Ground water elevations
· Wells real-time monitoring salinity check
E&E Solutions itself is an OEM and we use the M5100 series pressure transducers from the Micro-fused™ line of MEAS, set a new price performance standard for demanding commercial and heavy industrial applications. This series of piezometer is suitable for measurement of different mediums like liquid or gas pressure, even for difficult media such as contaminated water, stream and mild corrosive fluids.


An IoT protocol - “Continuous collection of sampling, processing, and transmitted of water-level data by satellite and other telecommunication methods are increasingly being used to display real-time ground-water conditions on internet server “

Observing the Weather


Weather Forecast: Today, the winds and other weather variables are of equal concern and can have an even greater impact on our modern, high-tech life style.

Constraints on instrumentation

The quality of sensors, and hence the data from them, is constrained by a number of factors, of which the most obvious is finance. In almost all cases, the sensors, data loggers or telecommunications links are required to work over a wide range of environmental conditions.
Power requirements were once a major constraint as field instruments are generally sited far from mains power, but advances in low power sensors, solar power and battery technology have largely solved the problem for most sensors.
Forecasts, both for its control on the quality and quantity of a harvest and its effect on the farmer’s ability to work the land or to graze his stock.Water resources generally depend critically not just upon rainfall, but also other weather phenomenon that together drive plant growth, photosynthesis and evaporation.
Just as pollen and seed dispersal in the atmosphere are driven almost entirely by the weather, so too is the direction and distance of travel of atmospheric pollution.

For a long time weather monitoring was largely a pastime of enthusiastic amateurs, but over the last century it has evolved into a well organised and professional global activity that reflects its crucial importance for a wide range of economic, environmental, civil protection and farming activities.

Weather monitoring is also important not just in defining present climate, but also for detecting changes in climate and providing the data to input into models which enable us to predict future changes in our environment.
Because of the wide variety of uses for the information, there are a large number of environmental variables which are of interest to different groups of people. These include solar radiation, wind speed, wind direction, barometric pressure, air temperature, humidity and net radiation.
The demand for these data, usually on an hourly or more frequent timescale, has increasingly been met by the development and widespread deployment of automatic weather stations (AWS’s) over the past 30 years or so.


2. Weather Monitoring Station

Our, EE-WMS-01 Weather Stations are highly sophisticated monitoring & logging of intrinsic weather conditions like temperature, barometric pressure, wind direction, wind speed, wind chill and other optional parameters according to your requirements.
Application areas include agriculture, hydrology, ecology and meteorology. For any sort of customized application, E&E Solutions can give assistance to select the best blend of sensors, data logger and accessories accordingly.
ü Field proven in severe weather conditions.
ü Unattended weather recording at remote and exposed sites.
ü Wide choice of sensors and accessories.
ü GSM Modem communication.

Solar Based Automatic Weather Station


Flexibility and customization

The DL-W’s analog inputs can be fully customized. Each channel can have its own input type and recording parameters. Software gives the user control over reading frequency, thresholds and units, and provides recording options for average, min and max, plus specialized wind options ‐ including wind rose, gusts and wind averaging Users can add their own custom sensor types to the sensor library, exploiting the DL-W’s detailed configuration options. The DL-W provides 4 input ranges down to microvolt resolution with adaptive auto‐ranging, excellent analog accuracy, and configurable sensor excitation ‐ enabling it to support nearly all analog sensors. Calculations based on the measurements from several input channels can be recorded and displayed as additional virtual channels (calculated measurements).


Our Near Future Goal

And thus further we are developing more Environmental Instruments which an able to assess the parameters which could bring bane to the nature and health. And along-with we are trying to communicate all of them in one platform using some communication protocol like “Wi-fi, Zigbee, GPRS, etc., to develop a smart city by having access to all the remote things taking from Environment to Medical care.
Vision Of Developing a Smart city
A clean air supply is essential to our own health and that of the environment. But since the industrial revolution, the quality of the air we breathe has deteriorated considerably. And we “Engineering & Environmental Solutions” are trying to Create a Sustainable Tomorrow…


References

A. Al-Fuqaha, M. Guizani, M. Mohammadi, M. Aledhari, and M. Ayyash, 2015, ‘Internet of Things: A Survey on Enabling Technologies, Protocols, and Applications’, vol 17, no. 4, pp. 2347 – 2376.
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*”Emergence of Trillion Sensor Opportunity,” SemiconWest, http://www.semiconwest.org/sites/semiconwest.org/files/docs/SW2013_Janusz Bryzek_Fairchild Semiconductor.pdf.
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**”Smart/Intelligent Sensor Market worth $10.46 Billion by 2020,” Military and Aerospace Electronics, http://www.militaryaerospace.com/news/2014/03/12/smart-intelligent-sensor-market-worth-10-46-billion-by-2020.html
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***”IDTechEx: Printed sensors market will increase by more than $1 billion by 2020,” Drupa, http://www.drupa.com/cipp/md_drupa/custom/pub/content,oid,30443/lang,2/ticket,g_u_e_s_t/local_lang,2.
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***” Ground-water-level Monitoring and the Importance of Long-term Water-level Data
By Charles J. Taylor, William M. Alley
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***” The Importance of Monitoring To Groundwater Management
By Williams M. Alley
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Allen RG, Pereira, LS, Raes, D and Smith M (1998) Crop evapotranspiration - Guidelines for computing crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and drainage Paper 56. Water Resources, Development and Management Service. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome.
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http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/weather/uk/observations/